Provincial policy is expansive. Some examples of Provincial planning policy include:
- Setting minimum population and employment densities in defined “urban growth centres” such as the Downtown and Central Waterfront in Toronto;
- To concentrate intensification around transit nodes such as subway stations; and
- To conserve and promote cultural heritage resources.
From this broad provincial policy, municipalities are required to apply a more nuanced local lens through a policy document known as an official plan. Toronto’s Official Plan has more nuanced policies that include, but are not limited to:
- Office and rental replacement policies,
- Land use designations that help direct where growth should (and should not) occur
- Community benefits (i.e. section 37) See my Major Initiatives webpage for examples
Official plans are required to be updated regularly, and the Planning Act allows developers/landowners to appeal if they feel the new policy is not in their interest.