Section 2

  • Two trends are largely responsible for the rise in homelessness over the past 20 years: a growing shortage of affordable rental housing and a simultaneous increase in poverty. Rental costs have increased dramatically and a lack of affordable housing has increased to record high numbers.
  • Limited availability of shelter beds and supportive housing.
  • Chronic provincial and federal underfunding of mental health and addiction services and supports, and an ongoing opioid crisis.
  • In the mid-1990s, Federal and Provincial governments stopped building and investing in social housing.
  • Indigenous Peoples are overrepresented amongst those experiencing homelessness in Toronto because of historical trauma and oppression, maltreatment, and cultural erosion through the exploitation of colonization, residential schools, and the 60s Scoop.
  • Contributing factors to racialized communities experiencing homelessness in Canada include but are not limited to discrimination, language barriers, historical trauma, and colonization. 
  • Women's homelessness can be linked to failures in systems like criminal justice, child welfare, healthcare and education. Discriminatory policies and services drive intergenerational cycles of homelessness, housing instability, marginalization & violence.

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